It grows from 8 to 12 inches high, eventually spreading by rhizomes to form a carpet of green. New leaves emerge from the ground on long petioles up to 4 inches long. ‘Variegata’ and ‘Silveredge’ should be located in shade because leaves scorch in full sun. When Pachysandra is planted under the required growth conditions like partial to full shade, it will thrive up to a height of about 10 inches tall. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Pachysandra prefers soil that is moist and amended with rich organic matter. Although pachysandra is mainly grown for its leaves, the flowers provide interest as well. It's a vigorous grower. The leaves are mottled purple and are coarsely toothed towards the apex. Although vigorous, the plant rarely ventures past garden boundaries and into lawns. Problems: Japanese spurge may be affected by scale, mites, root-knot nematode or leaf blight. When planting in heavy clay or poor soils mix in organic matter such as composted manure, bagged top soil, and or a good planting mix at a 50/50 ratio with the soil. Pachysandra can withstand occasional dryness, but does best when it is kept moist. Volutella leaf blight, caused by the fungus Volutella pachysandrae, causes brown blotches on the leaves and a stem blight. Bob Polomski, ©2019, Clemson University. Pachysandra’s undemanding nature also shines when it comes to planting. And since I refuse to … Planting Tips. Newly planted pachysandra requires regular watering until the roots are established. Pachysandra is a good grower in evenly moist, rich soils. It hardly covers a carpet like ground in three years, and therefore does not need very frequent pruning. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Pachysandra is a slow growth plant. They are toothed towards the tip, 1 to 3 inches long and about half as wide. Fine if it just lasts until spring when we put in pachysandra for the long term, but the bare dirt is sad-looking and people throw trash around our trees, which is awful. Pachysandra is the only satisfactory plant that will grow as a ground cover under Pine Trees. Missouri Botanical Garden: Pachysandra Terminalis, Ohio State University: Pachysandra Terminalis, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Pachysandra, Michigan State University Extension: Abiotic Plant Disorders. Here are some companion plants that thrive in similar growing conditions to pachysandra: Boxwood Hosta Bleeding Heart Astilbe Foxglove Camellia Hardy Kiwi Monkshood Columbine Hydrangea … The plants are adapted to deep or partial shade. Scale, an insect pest, can also be a problem. The creamy white flowers are borne on 1- to 2-inch spikes at the top of the stems. Pachysandra is one of the few plants that will grow under evergreens and in dense shade. Pachysandra thrives in rich, well-drained soil. Plant Type . Bob Polomski, ©2019, Clemson University. Allegheny spurge does not seem to be as susceptible as Japanese spurge. You may need to prune it in five or six years. Too much sun causes the leaves to turn yellow. ‘Green Sheen’ Japanese pachysandra has especially shiny leaves.Bob Polomski, ©2019, Clemson University. Pachysandra plant is a member of the boxwood family and a popular evergreen perennial. Soil should be moist and well drained; Pachysandra prefers acidic soils but can tolerate neutral and slightly alkaline soils. Oval leaves (2-4" long) appear primarily in whorls at the stem ends. My weed-filled lawn is driving me crazy—I’d work harder at it but there simply is too much of it. I advise to sprinkle 1/2" peat moss on a new area every 2 weeks, to make it look fresh and to see any weeds that will appear. A fungal disease called Volutella leaf blight can cause damages to both leaves and stems. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Water generously at planting time and regularly for a few weeks afterward to help the plants becomes established. It has very dark green leaves. They prefer moist soil, well-amended with organic matter. It spreads with rhizomes and will cover bare ground when left to do its thing. Pachysandra is a beautiful ground cover but it does grow very slowly. They all need some degree of shade and acid soils, hence their popularity for underplanting rhododendrons. Successfully controlling the spread of pachysandra involves a series of both manual and chemical control methods. Pachysandra plants require protection from the sun not only in summer, but in winter as well. Growth Rate: Because of the rhizomatous nature, plants colonize an area aggressively. It can be invasive, so be careful about planting it near areas where you don’t want it to spread. When to Plant Pachysandra Spring and fall are the best times to add pachysandra to your garden. Pachysandra produces spikes of tiny white flowers in the spring. Plants are 9 to 12 inches high. Tuck it into … It grows 20 to 30 centimeters in height, eventually spreading through the rhizomes to form a green carpet. Does Sedum Autumn Joy Require Acidic Soil? Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. Native to Japan and China, pachysandra is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 5 through 9. Marjan Kluepfel, Former HGIC Horticulture Information Specialist, Clemson UniversityBob Polomski, PhD, Extension Consumer Horticulturist, Clemson University. Pachysandra terminalis, also sometimes called spurge or Japanese pachysandra, is a useful evergreen groundcover for shady spots. Plants growing in full sun are more susceptible. Plants are evergreen in South Carolina, although the leaves may look ragged by March. It is often associated with scale infestations. Sometimes known as Japanese spurge, Pachysandra is a small genus of very dwarf shrubs, popular for over a century for their ability to spread into a dense evergreen carpet beneath other taller shrubs. It's a hardy plant, and an ideal groundcover for problem areas, including poor soil and dense shade. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at email@example.com or 1-888-656-9988. Pachysandra, also known as Japanese Spurge, is a perennial evergreen plant that is usually grown as a ground cover. When planted in full sun, growth is poor. And you can grow it in most temperature zones. Pachysandra terminalis is perhaps the best known Pachysandra, and is fully hardy and evergreen. Rake the top 12 inches of your soil and mix in a couple inches of compost or peat moss which make the soil more conducive to water drainage. In general, small pachysandra plants should be planted between 6 and 12 inches apart, but you can plant them more densely if you wish them to fill in an area quickly. It is the best ground cover plant to use under the shade of large spreading trees or to form a fancy dense green blanket shrub. It is a rapid-growing groundcover. The closer together you plant the Pachysandra, the faster it will fill in. Few ground covers can match Japanese pachysandra (Pachysandra terminalis) for toughness and versatility. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Holes for new plants should be 4 inches (10 cm.) Place the plants about 8 inches apart. Leaves develop irregular tan to brown blotches, often with concentric lighter and darker zones with dark brown margins. Too much sun will cause the plants to become chlorotic, or abnormally yellow. Transplants are usually planted in the spring at a spacing of ½ to 1 foot apart. This plant is used extensively under large spreading trees, back of buildings or in other situations too shady for grass to grow. Clip the tips of vigorously growing shoots in the spring to make the plants more dense. When planting in a sandy, quick-draining soil amending with top soil, organic compost, or peat moss will help to retain moisture and supply vital plant nutrients. She is a former teacher and librarian, and she holds a bachelor's degree in education from Augustana College and master's degrees in education and library science from North Park University and the University of Wisconsin. Pachysandra is one of the few plants that will grow under evergreens and in dense shade. This shade plant is native across parts of Asia and North America and will grow well as long as it is planted in shade. But good drainage is key: If soils are too wet, the plant will develop root rot and die. A small patch could be treated with a fungicide early in the season. Pachysandra ground cover has evergreen leaves that will burn in the sun. Even shaded areas can be populated and turned green. Pachysandra is tough as well as attractive. While you try to encourage it to fill in as quickly as possible, keep in mind that pachysandra prefers a moist, rich, slightly acid soil (pH 5.5 to 6.5 is ideal) supplemented with plenty of organic matter. Pachysandra is considered an invasive plant by the USDA Forest Service because of its rapid growth pattern and ability to overtake other plants. The flower is 4 to 5 inches long. Do not cut them to the ground. Pachysandra makes the perfect low-maintenance ground cover in shaded areas. Plant height is 9 to 12 inches, and leaf length is 3 to 5 inches. If you are looking for beautiful ground cover plants and want to learn how to grow and take care of it, this is the guide you need. The most common reason that people choose Japanese Pachysandra is for ground cover in shaded areas of their garden. ‘Green Carpet’ provides a 6- to 8-inch-tall carpet. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. ‘Variegata’ bears irregularly white variegated leaves. Pachysandra terminalis ‘Cutleaf’ has deeply divided lobes that gives it an almost lacy appearance. Pachysandra is deer resistant. When planted in full sun, growth is poor. Pachysandra is an easy to grow, lush, shade-tolerant ground cover that many people use to reduce lawn or to fill in places where grass won’t grow. Volutella blight is the most destructive disease of pachysandra in the Northeast. It’s easiest to weed when the soil is slightly moist, like the day after a rain shower. You can encourage the plants to form more dense growth by clipping the tips of the vigorous stems in the spring. The pachysandra plant thrives best in full shade. Planting notes. Pachysandra will transform otherwise bare … Pachysandra terminalis, also sometimes called spurge or Japanese pachysandra, is a useful evergreen groundcover for shady spots. Allegheny Spurge or Pachysandra procumbens: This much overlooked plant is native from Eastern Kentucky and West Virginia to Florida and Louisiana. Pruning helps its growth. It spreads horizontally and needs room to roam. The plant … Although some people use the plant in their landscapes, it can be difficult to control. The flowers are white but have a pink tinge, particularly if the weather is cool. Pachysandra is used as a groundcover, particularly under trees, where it competes well for the limited sun, nutrients and water. It grows 6-8" high (sometimes even 12”) and spreads by rhizomes to form a dense carpet of rich, dark green foliage. Pachysandra plants are a favorite evergreen ground-cover that grows well in hard-to-plant areas, such as under trees or in shady areas with poor or acidic soil. Hardy from zones 5-9. This groundcover was healthy for more than twenty years. Pachysandra is easily propagated by division, or by rooting softwood terminal cuttings in the summer. So transplant pachysandra to those parts of the garden where other plants fail, for example where the soil is acidic or there are steep slopes. Prune back the worst of them. In areas where walks or driveways are de-iced in winter, pachysandra should be protected from damaging salt exposure. The plant is commonly used as a ground cover in landscape designs because it thrives in shaded areas of your yard. It is under a large tulip tree. The evergreen leaves of pachysandra commonly “burn” and turn brown when grown in sunny, exposed places during the winter. The plants are adapted to deep or partial shade. Another is as a pest deterrent, and it is particularly popular in areas where deer invade gardens. deep and 6 inches (15 cm.) Are My Pachysandra Dead if They Are Burned From the Sun? Plants are not as vigorous as the species but the leaves are more interesting. Pachysandra, also called Japanese spurge, is an evergreen ground cover that looks like a great idea when you plant it–after all, it stays green year round and spreads quickly to fill an area.Unfortunately, this aggressive plant doesn’t know when to stop. Pachysandra can be affected by various pests, including mites, scale and root-knot nematode. Because of its low care needs, pachysandra is also a favorite plant for woodland gardens and as a living mulch underneath shrubs or trees. The Ohio State University notes that care is necessary when raking fallen tree leaves from pachysandra in the fall, since the semi-woody stems of mature plants are easily snapped. Gwen Bruno has been a full-time freelance writer since 2009, with her gardening-related articles appearing on DavesGarden. For these reasons, people often plant Japanese Pachysandra around the edges of … Pachysandra is an invasive perennial ground cover that spreads … ‘Silveredge’ has thin silver-white margins and is similar to ‘Variegata. Both leaves and stems are attacked by this fungus. Plant Health Problems Diseases caused by Fungi: Volutella blight, Volutella pachysandrae. Ensuring that plantings receive good air circulation and are not overcrowded can help keep plants from being susceptible. Mature pachysandra requires about 1 inch of water per week during its period of active growth. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Placing a light mulch around the plants will help maintain optimum moisture levels, and that also helps keep down weeds. Read on for information on removing pachysandra ground cover. It is always best to plant on an overcast day and in shady locations. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. wide. Plant taxonomy classifies Japanese pachysandra, also called "Japanese spurge," as Pachysandra terminalis and as belonging to the boxwood family. 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