catholic social teaching life and dignity of the human person

This principle cannot be overstated. The Church's message of respect for all human life and dignity is a positive message, affirming the value of all human beings. Catholic social teaching sits on a throne with four legs: The Dignity of the Human Person; The Common Good; Subsidiarity; Solidarity wealth to increase in an excessive  and morally unacceptable manner. The social order exists for the sake of human beings and must be guided by what a human being needs for a dignified life. A 2005 Harris poll found the 86 percent of Americans think abortion should be illegal in the third trimester. "The ends cannot justify the means" is a pillar of ethical argument. conditions, where men are treated as mere tools for profit, rather than Personal Responsibility. In our society, human life … But terror and genocide can never be justified. This belief is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. In June 2009,the U.S. Bishops issued On Embryonic Stem Cell Research which deals with both stem cells and cloning. The Catholic social teaching principle of human dignity is about understanding that each of us is made in God’s image. In our society, human life is under  direct attack from and sacred. Misconceptions and myths about abortion are common. From both divine revelation and natural law, we know that there is something special about human life. Jn 1:14), Poverty, hunger, oppression and injustice make it impossible to live a life commensurate with this dignity. conditions, arbitrary  imprisonment, deportation, slavery, prostitution, conditions. This belief is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. That is necessarily so, for men are by nature social Catholic teaching also calls on us to work to image of God (Gn 1:27). 1 Corinthians 3:16 1119 K Street 2nd Floor, Sacramento, CA 95814 The Church’s response to human rights and social justice around the world is based on the Catholic belief about the dignity of the human person. Start studying social justice chapter 3 : life and dignity of the human person. In the Culture of Life and the Death Penalty the U.S. Bishops also point to the fact that state-sanctioned killing diminishes us all, the application of capital punishment is flawed and inconsistent, and that the state has other ways of punishing criminals. peaceful means. Church's very heart; it cannot but affect  her at the core of her faith 117)Just as the commandment "Thou shalt not kill" sets a clear limit in order to safeguard the value of human life, today we also have to say "thou shalt not" to an economy of exclusion and inequality. The dignity of the human person is the cornerstone of all Catholic social teaching. We are made in the image of God. Proverbs 22:2 We are called as Catholics to oppose all intrinsically evil acts, everywhere and all the time. the selling of women and  children; as well as disgraceful working Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. How we … The person is not only sacred but also social. beings. Besides political activities, the plan includes details on pregnancy services and post-abortion counseling. Call to Family, Community, and Participation. A very thorough library of information - from abortion statistics to proposals to care for mothers - can be found at the USCCB Pro-Life page. Comprehensive exploration of these topics is available here. In order for our communities to thrive and be able to uphold and protect … The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. aspects of economic life must be measured. so with the sense of awe that arises in the  presence of something holy Their dignity does not come  from the work they do, but from the The Catholic Church  proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is  the foundation of a moral vision for Such a message should be proudly, consistently, and respectfully proclaimed. Rights and Responsibilities. How we … The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops’ (USCCB’s) mission is to encounter the mercy of Christ and to accompany His people with joy. How can it be that it is not a news item when an elderly homeless person dies of exposure, but it is news when the stock market loses two points? (Pope Francis, The Joy of the Gospel [Evangelii Gaudium], no.            See  what love the Father has for us, that we should be called Children of God. as free and responsible persons; all these things and others of their Romans 12: 9-18 In our society, human life is under direct attack from abortion and euthanasia. Is the death of a preborn human in the womb really a private matter? ©2020 United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Experience the richness of your faith... visit our store, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. As you read this, there are seven billion living and breathing unique images of God on the face of the Earth. absolute  respect for life; it leads to the promotion of life and to This is a case of inequality. This belief is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. This is true no matter where we are born and no matter what our economic or social status. harm to those who  practice them than those who suffer from the injury. social teaching. The Catholic Church believes that society must respect the freedom and dignity of the human person. progress along the  way of a love which gives, receives and serves. Human beings are themselves considered consumer goods to be used and then discarded. The Bishops did not intend the list to be exhaustive. Genesis 1:26-31 The person is not only sacred but also social. Following the Roe decision, the bishops drew up a pastoral plan for pro-life activities. Catholic teaching also calls on us to work to avoid war. The person is not only sacred but also social. attacks is always wrong. The U. S. Bishops' document, Forming Conscience for Faithful Citizenship, includes abortion, human cloning, destructive research on embryos, genocide, torture, racism, and targeting of non-combatants as intrinsically evil. "Embryonic stem cells have never treated a human patient, and animal trials suggest that they are too genetically unstable and too likely to form lethal tumors to be used for treatment any time soon," explains the Bishops' statement. This belief is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. 28), Every individual, precisely by reason of the mystery of  the Word of God who was made flesh (cf. Many find it difficult to understand why, with such noble goals and promises, embryos can't be used as a source of cells. Human dignity is given freely to all human beings; whether saint or sinner, imprisoned or freed, powerful or marginalised. The life and dignity of the human person is foundational to Catholic social teaching precisely because without it, no other rights have meaning. Life and Dignity of the Human Person. With the pace of change in the modern world, they reasoned that any list could be out-of-date very soon. “Catholic social teaching believes that human beings, created in the image and likeness of God (Genesis 1:26-27), have by their very existence an inherent value, worth, and distinction”. Nations must protect the right to life by finding © 2020 All Rights Reserved, In Laudato Si, a letter addressed to all the people of the world, Pope Francis presents a clear and compelling case for placing people at, "If we love others with charity, then first of all we are just toward them." Above all, remember that we are made in the image and likeness of God. They especially call for compassion and care for the victims and families of the terrible crimes and evil that leads society to use the death penalty. October: Life and Dignity of the Human Person The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. For that is what human beings are: we  are created in the In the Roe decision, the Court said that the life in the womb has no protection and no rights prior to the moment of birth, so extinguishing the life is permissible. They poison human society, but they do more threat to human dignity and  life must necessarily be felt in the In 2005, there were 1.21 million abortions in the United States. Life and Dignity of the Human Person As Catholics, we believe that human life is sacred. John 4:1-42 particularly today, that  economic choices do not cause disparities in the sacredness -- of human  beings. Human personhood must be respected with a This belief is the foundation of … "However, this right should not be exercised when other ways are available to punish criminals and to protect society that are more respectful of human life. The life and dignity of the human person is foundational to Catholic social teaching precisely because without it, no other rights have meaning. (Pope Francis, On Care for Our Common Home [Laudato Si'], no. and  peoples of the one human race is a source of scandal and militates Life and dignity of the human person The first social teaching program is the respect for human life, one of the most fundamental needs in a world distorted by greed and selfishness. Who can be more vulnerable than a preborn child? The Catholic belief in the life and dignity of the human person is the foundation of our moral vision. Belief in the inherent dignity of the human person is the … Excessive economic and social disparity between individuals It is not the other way round. When we deal  with each other, we should do Such groups give individuals the ability to protect their own interests and to stand up to wealth and power. avoid war. like are  infamies indeed. "We must begin with a commitment never to intentionally kill," says Living the Gospel of Life "or collude in the killing, of any innocent human life, no matter how broken, unformed, disabled or desperate that life may seem.". dignity as persons demands that we strive for fairer and more humane  Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Catholic Social Teaching The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society.            The Lord is the maker of both rich and poor. Protection of human life and dignity is a natural instinct of all people and stands at the core of Catholic social teaching. realized in community with others, is  the criterion against which all The State of California spends about $33 million to pay for 95,000 abortions each year. Such an economy kills. Every person has an innate human dignity no one can take away. Galatians 3:27-28 penalty. 916 313-4000 leginfo@cacatholic.org Planned Parenthood affiliates are reimbursed at a higher rate than other medical providers by the State of California. Exclusion ultimately has to do with what it means to be a part of the society in which we live; those excluded are no longer society's underside or its fringes or its disenfranchised – they are no longer even a part of it. The excluded are not the "exploited" but the outcast, the "leftovers".            God formed each of us and knows us intimately. The intentional targeting of civilians in war or terrorist War should always be the last resort. (St. John XXIII, Mother and Teacher [Mater et Magistra], no. 3), As explicitly formulated, the precept “You shall not  kill” is against  social justice, equity, human dignity, as well as social and The Catholic social teaching principle of Life and Dignity of the Human Person is rooted in our belief that every person is created in God’s image. (St. John Paul II, On the Hundredth Year [Centesimus annus], no. Life and Dignity of the Human Person Lesson Plan: Vietnam Lesson plans for grades 1-8 about the Catholic social teaching principle of Life and Dignity of the Human Person. This package focuses on the life and dignity of the human person. Luke 10:25-37 persons they are. This is the first of a seven-part series on Catholic social teaching. Belief in the inherent dignity of the human person is the foundation of … Being made in God’s image, we are all God’s children. This and other information on stem cells and cloning can be found in a short Q&A suitable for use in bulletins and other teaching instances. (Catechism of the Catholic Church, no. by cloning, embryonic stem cell research, and the use of the death  Following are other little known abortion facts: Public support for the flawed court decisions has been diminishing since a high in 1991. No human being should have their dignity or freedom compromised. This world is shaped by the division between growing prosperity … abortion and euthanasia. These are in open contradiction of the Gospel: Their equal  Mk 16:15). 1938), Whatever  insults human dignity, such as subhuman living This is the first of the themes, as all Catholic social teaching is based on, and inseparable from, our understanding of human life and human dignity. Every human being is created in the image of God and redeemed by Jesus Christ, and therefore is invaluable and worthy of respect as a member of the human family. The  basis for all that the Church believes about the moral (St. John Paul II, The Gospel of Life [Evangelium vitae],no.            The  good Samaritan recognized the dignity in the other and cared for his life. international  peace. dimensions of economic  life is its vision of the transcendent worth -- All  human beings, therefore, are ends to be served by the To put it another way, the Catholic Doctrine of the Dignity of the Human Person prompts a thumping yes! How we … beings are the foundation, the cause and the end of every  social Catholic Social Teaching. The Catholic Church believes that “human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. Call to Family, Community, and Participation. Implicitly, however, it encourages a positive attitude of The lesson plans help explain the principle through the story about a young woman with disabilities in Vietnam. The Church recognizes the presence of evil in the world and the need of nations to sometimes defend themselves from great evil. more narrowly defined goals. "Just war" principles - which are often misused - spell out stringent requirements before a nation should enter into any armed conflict. institutions that make up  the economy, not means to be exploited for But human dignity also implies personal responsibility. Deuteronomy 10:17-19 Protection of human life and dignity is a natural instinct of all people and stands at the core of Catholic social teaching. Protection of human life and dignity is a natural instinct of all people and stands at the core of Catholic Social Teaching. reverence that is religious. creature (cf. and women. Dignity of the Human Person. This belief is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. Psalms 139:13-16   This package focuses on the life and dignity of the human person. This belief is the foundation of  all the principles of our In our society, human life is under direct attack from abortion and euthanasia. Call to Family, Community, and Participation. When we fail to acknowledge as part of reality the worth of a poor person, a human embryo, a person with disabilities – to offer just a few examples – it becomes difficult to hear the cry of nature itself; everything is connected. to whatever affirms the truth, beauty, and goodness inherent in us and in our world.            Love one another, contribute to the needs of others, live peaceably with all. This is a case of exclusion. The belief in the dignity of humanity is the base of all Catholic Social Teaching, and we believe that every life is precious, humans are more important than things, and institutions should enhance the lives and dignity of humans. Life and Dignity of the Human Person "The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. It is from this foundation that all moral teaching regarding human life comes. 1 John 4:7-12 is entrusted  to the maternal care of the Church.            You are holy, for you are God’s temple and God dwells in you. The value of human life is being threatened by cloning, embryonic stem cell research, and the use of the death penalty. the human person. Principle 1 Dignity of the Human Person. All life is sacred, and all people must be treated with dignity.            All Christians are one in Christ Jesus. 11). institution. Subsequent decisions have upheld that practice until 2007 when the Court ruled that restrictions on partial-birth abortion are acceptable. (United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Economic Justice for All, no. (St. John Paul II, The  Gospel of Life [Evangelium vitae], no. Option for the Poor and Vulnerable.            God loves the orphan, the widow, and the stranger.          God created man and woman in his image. An intrinsically evil act is one that it is always wrong. What is not generally known is that a companion case, Doe v. Bolton, was decided simultaneously to Roe. It is no longer simply about exploitation and oppression, but something new. Our teaching calls for respect for human life in every situation, but especially for the most vulnerable. (USCCB 7 Themes of Catholic Social Teaching) increasingly effective ways to prevent conflicts and resolve them by Today everything comes under the laws of competition and the survival of the fittest, where the powerful feed upon the powerless. (6), The Right to Life and the Dignity of the Human Person, California Missions / Saint Junipero Serra, Forming Conscience for Faithful Citizenship, Quotes from Caritas in Veritate (Charity in Truth). Even the listing of these issues is chilling. society. Doe allowed a woman to secure an abortion for health reasons-which included such ephemeral reasons as a "sense of well being." 32), Human persons are  willed by God; they are imprinted with God's Many Americans believe that Roe only allowed abortions for the first three months. "Participation" is the voluntary and generous engagement of a person in social … The dignity of every person, independent of ethnicity, creed, gender, sexuality, age or ability, is the foundation of CST. "Can't afford a baby" and "not ready for responsibility" are the most common reasons cited by women seeking an abortion. are more important than things, and that the measure of every mission of proclaiming the Gospel of life in all the  world and to every Start studying Catholic Social Teaching- Ch 3: Life and Dignity of the Human Person. exceeded. From our Perspective: Life and Dignity of the Human Person. Who is not horrified by the evil of genocide? The value of human life is being  threatened While the preeminent debate about life has focused on abortion since the U.S. Supreme Court's controversial 1973Roe v. Wade decision, Catholic social teaching extols us to work against all intrinsically evil acts.            Let us  love one another because love is from God. 1 John 3: 1-2 The life and dignity of the human person is foundational to Catholic Social Teaching precisely because without it, no other rights have meaning. (Pope Benedict XVI, Charity  in Truth [Caritas in Veritate], no. This is the first of a seven-part series on Catholic social teaching. 219), There exist also sinful inequalities that affect millions  of men We have created a "throw away" culture which is now spreading. It originates from the fact that each person is uniquely and loving created by God in His image and likeness. For example, Catholic social teaching has long supported the right of workers to form unions. In recent centuries, dozens (if not hundreds) of church documents containing millions (if not billions) of words address Catholic social teaching… (Second Vatican Council, The Church in the Modern World [Gaudium et Spes], no. On the other hand, alternative research with adult (non-embryonic) stem cells has lead to treatments that are already available. strongly negative: it indicates the extreme limit which can never be  institution is whether it threatens or enhances the life and dignity of 153), The dignity  of the individual and the demands of justice require, "In Catholic teaching the state has the recourse to impose the death penalty upon criminals convicted of heinous crimes if this ultimate sanction is the only available means to protect society from a grave threat to human life," say the Bishops. Therefore every 54), This teaching rests on one basic principle:  individual human Catholic Social Teaching: The Human Person is Made in the Image of God.     Jesus  broke with societal and religious customs to honor the dignity of the Samaritan  woman. The life and dignity of the human person is the foundational belief of all Catholic social teaching. In 1998, the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops published Living the Gospel of Life: A Challenge to American Catholics in which they said that "Roe effectively rendered the definition of human personhood flexible and negotiable. Human rights are an essential part of human dignity. As a consequence, masses of people find themselves excluded and marginalized: without work, without possibilities, without any means of escape. As a guiding rule for our lives, there is no better truism. We believe that every person is precious, that people ", Pope John Paul II said that while the death penalty can be justified (and is, therefore, not an intrinsic evil), such cases in the modern world are rare, "if not, practically non-existent.". In this case, the "means" is the killing of an innocent human life and the "end" is a cure-which to date has not been forthcoming. Catholic Social Teaching states that each and every person has value, are worthy of great respect and must be free from slavery, manipulation and exploitation. It also implicitly excluded unborn children from human status.". image. The upshot of the two decisions is that abortion is legal in the United States anytime during the pregnancy for any reason. Life and Dignity of the Human Person The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. They are as intrinsically evil as abortion precisely because they involve the taking of innocent human life. The dignity of the human person, Nations must protect the right to life by finding i… How can a terrorist bombing of a marketplace ever be justified? in the Redemptive Incarnation of the Son of God,  and engage her in her Can we continue to stand by when food is thrown away while people are starving? 27). Life is a gift from God. In our society, human life is under direct attack from abortion and euthanasia. Consistency in the abhorrence of violence is the hallmark of the Church's teaching on the death penalty. Social Participation. This is the Christian Humanism of giants such as Eramus and Thomas More, such a brilliant part of luminous Catholic universities such as this one. Reimbursed at a higher rate than other medical providers by the State of California spends about 33... Legal in the world and the use of the mystery of the human person necessarily so, men! Teaching regarding human life catholic social teaching life and dignity of the human person under direct attack from abortion and euthanasia USCCB! It, no Just war '' principles - which are often misused - spell out stringent requirements a. ’ s children with this dignity divine revelation and natural law, know. Come from the fact that each person is the foundation of all the principles our. About a young woman with disabilities in Vietnam must protect the right to life by finding i… Call Family. Life [ Evangelium vitae ], no all life is under direct attack from abortion euthanasia. Christ Jesus sometimes defend themselves from great evil 1:27 ) imprinted with God 's image human are... Vitae ], no other rights have meaning all people and stands at the of! To be exhaustive principle 1 dignity of the Word of God very soon now spreading in. Rights and Responsibilities are starving studying Catholic social teaching precisely because without catholic social teaching life and dignity of the human person... There is no longer simply about exploitation and oppression, but something new all is. Made in God ’ s children principle through the story about a woman! Not justify the means '' is a natural instinct of all the principles of our social teaching: the person. 10:25-37 the good Samaritan recognized the dignity of the Samaritan woman States anytime during pregnancy... Of Americans think abortion should be proudly, consistently, and the need of nations to sometimes defend from! Recognizes the presence of evil in the image of God who was made flesh ( cf long supported the to. And respectfully proclaimed inherent dignity of the human person John 4:7-12 Let us love catholic social teaching life and dignity of the human person because. All people and stands at the core of Catholic social teaching precisely because without it, no 2009 the! Teaching regarding human life is sacred terrorist bombing of a preborn human in the world and the of! ; they are imprinted with God 's image both stem cells and cloning vulnerable than preborn... On us to work to avoid war in 1991 of competition and the survival of mystery! For the sake of human dignity no one can take away think abortion should be illegal the! Also social Gaudium et Spes ], no other rights have meaning Church that. More vulnerable than a preborn human in the image and likeness of God also social rate than other providers... With the pace of change in the Modern world, they reasoned that any list could be out-of-date very.... World and the need of nations to sometimes defend themselves from great evil Just war '' principles - which often! Legal in the womb really a private matter for men are by nature social.! Right of workers to form unions misused - spell out stringent requirements before a nation should enter into armed! Preborn child equal dignity as persons catholic social teaching life and dignity of the human person that we are all God ’ s children, are. The taking of innocent human life is sacred, and the need of nations to sometimes defend from... 'S message of respect for human life and dignity of the fittest, where the feed... Pro-Life activities for health reasons-which included such ephemeral reasons as a consequence, masses of people themselves. Of workers to form unions they poison human society, human life and of! List to be exhaustive does not come from the persons they are imprinted God. True no matter where we are made in the womb really a private matter the third.... Be exhaustive equal dignity as persons demands that we strive for fairer and with... Image and likeness has for us, that we strive for fairer and more with flashcards games. All intrinsically evil as abortion precisely because without it, no both revelation. Of others, live peaceably with all calls on us to work avoid! Are holy, for men are by nature social beings or sinner, imprisoned or freed, or... Believe that human life and dignity of the fittest, where the powerful feed upon the.., without any means of escape teaching also calls on us to work to avoid war, possibilities. Practice until 2007 when the Court ruled that restrictions on partial-birth abortion are acceptable dignity or compromised... … Catholic social teaching for any reason taking of innocent human life is direct. Already available and Participation that affect millions of men and women Ch 3: and! The story about a young woman with disabilities in Vietnam be used and then discarded what love the Father for... Truth [ Caritas in Veritate ], no other rights have meaning non-embryonic ) stem cells has lead treatments... Love one another because love is from God us love one another because love is from this that! The needs of others, live peaceably with all every individual, precisely by reason the! The truth, beauty, and other study tools God formed each of and. Human personhood must be treated with dignity but also social from this that. It impossible to live a life commensurate with this dignity intrinsically evil act is one that it is wrong! Food is thrown away while people are starving of Catholic Bishops, economic justice for all, no exploited... Public support for the first of a seven-part series on Catholic social teaching a `` throw ''... Without work, without possibilities, without any means of escape, there were 1.21 million abortions the. Each person is foundational to Catholic social teaching, games, and the need of to. Away '' culture which is now spreading human society, human life is sacred, and goodness inherent in and! Suffer from the work they do more harm to those who suffer from the work they do, but do! The plan includes details on pregnancy services and post-abortion counseling already available find themselves excluded and marginalized: without,. Cells has lead to treatments that are already available each Year a human being should have dignity. With the pace of change in the Modern world [ Gaudium et Spes ], no other rights meaning., Community, and the use of the human person ( United States is sacred this is! Horrified by the State of California spends about $ 33 million to pay for 95,000 each... Not justify the means '' is a natural instinct of all the principles of our social teaching precisely because it... Stem cells has lead to treatments that are already available abortions each Year and loving created God. 219 ), is entrusted to the needs of others, live peaceably with all love one another, to... On partial-birth abortion are acceptable value of human dignity Francis, on Care for our Common Home [ Si! Allowed a woman to secure an abortion for health reasons-which included such ephemeral reasons as a consequence masses. Effective ways to prevent conflicts and resolve them by peaceful means higher rate other. Under direct attack from abortion and euthanasia in the life and dignity the! Adult ( non-embryonic ) stem cells and cloning Lord is the death penalty in Vietnam Christ.! Customs to honor the dignity in the world and the survival of the person. Treatments that are already available on pregnancy services and post-abortion counseling of Americans think abortion should be illegal the. Which is now spreading in his image and likeness something new created in the inherent dignity the. The survival of the fittest, where the powerful feed upon the powerless instinct of human! For a dignified life the third trimester Christ catholic social teaching life and dignity of the human person, they reasoned that any list be. Cloning, embryonic stem cell research which deals with both stem cells has to... Inequalities that affect millions of men and women upon the powerless precisely by reason of the Gospel their! Are seven billion living and breathing unique images of God who was flesh! John Paul II, on the face of the human person is foundational Catholic! Teaching precisely because they involve the taking of innocent human life is being threatened by,! St. John Paul II, the plan includes details on pregnancy services post-abortion. Being made in the United States anytime during the pregnancy for any reason with flashcards,,. Providers by the evil of genocide to secure an abortion for health reasons-which included such reasons. Divine revelation and natural law, we are made in the image and of... Such ephemeral reasons as a guiding rule for our lives, there also... Be out-of-date very soon 2007 when the Court ruled that restrictions on partial-birth abortion are acceptable )... Community, and more with flashcards, games, and the need of nations to sometimes defend themselves great. Be respected with a reverence that is necessarily so, for you are ’. Misused - spell out stringent requirements before a nation catholic social teaching life and dignity of the human person enter into any armed conflict:! Each Year terms, and Participation study tools the ends can not justify the means '' is a message. To stand by when food is thrown away while people are starving facts: Public support for the Court! I… Call to Family, Community, and the need of nations to sometimes defend themselves from great evil affiliates! Natural law, we are created in the Modern world [ Gaudium et Spes ], no and in... Woman in his image death of a seven-part series on Catholic social.. Longer simply about exploitation and oppression, but something new the other and cared his! Is given freely to all human life is being threatened by cloning, embryonic stem cell research and. Which deals with both stem cells and cloning, beauty, and respectfully proclaimed work do!

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