operant conditioning quizlet

Choose from 500 different sets of what is operant conditioning flashcards on Quizlet. For Steven, the act of reading fairy tales is functioning as what type of reinforcer? Gambling is often maintained by a _ schedule of reinforcement. According to the _ theory of punishment, if a rat is shocked for pressing a lever, then any behavior other than _ will be _ reinforced by the nonoccurrence of shock. Getting injured is a (primary/secondary) _ punisher for the behavior of. Spell. His behavior of thumping the television set is on a (be specific and use the abbreviation) _ schedule of reinforcement. When Erin was babysitting Lucie, it took hours before Lucie would stop pestering her for a treat (Erin had been instructed not to give her any treats). The teachers ignored her pleas for help, as did her other classmates. _, removed (or substracted); presented (or added). This is similar to a behavior management technique known as _ that is used to guide animals. Laura tried very hard to get Trish to talk to her but quickly gave up. One criticism of Mowrer's two-process theory is that an avoidance response often does not seem to _, even after hundreds of trials. Using a … From the perspective of this being an extinction process, Laura's behavior can be seen as an example of a(n) _. To solve this problem, she announces that whenever she is holding up a flag, the children can run around and do whatever they want. -Rate of responding > Independent of rate of reinforcement. This quiz was derived from material in: Psychology-Hockenbury & … Achieving a record number of strikeouts in a game would be a(n) (natural/contrived) _ reinforcer for pitching well; receiving a bonus for throwing that many strikeouts would be a(n) _ reinforcer. For example, a child may be told they will lose recess privileges if they talk out of turn in class. Eventually Beth gave up, and no longer tries to pull the dog's tail. (A) VI 20-sec, (B) VT 20-sec, (C) FT 20-sec, (D) FI 20-sec, (E) none of the preceding. According to Mowrer, I go out of my way to avoid bees because behaving this way has been (positively/negatively) _ (reinforced/. A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follow…. Only $2.99/month. Beth quickly pulled her hand back. -A rat was rewarded with food pellets for pressing a lever. Pietro's symptoms are similar to those shown by Masserman's cats that were exposed to _ aversive stimulation. This is most likely an example of a(n) _ schedule of reinforcement. Beth's behavior of pulling her hand away served to _ the dog's behavior of growling. According to learned helplessness research, Clint is (more/less) _ likely to become depressed following a bitter divorce if his own parents divorced when he was a child and he later recovered from the experience. Unfortunately, his lack of studying led to some very poor marks one semester, with the result that he faced the real threat of being forced to withdraw for a year. Chances are that this persistence results because their behavior of selling merchandise is on a(n) _ schedule of reinforcement. Through operant conditioning, an individual makes an association between a particular behavior and a consequence (Skinner, 1938). This can be considered an example of an extinction effect known as _. D) operant conditioning. According to the _, walking through the woods could be used as a _ for yardwork. Test. An event is a reinforcer if it _ a behavior and the future probability of that behavior _. Later research showed that this may be because Skinner had used a relatively (strong/weak) _ form of punishment in his research. At the zoo one day, you notice that a zookeeper is leading a rhinoceros into a pen by repeatedly whistling at it as the animal moves. This produces a _ pattern of responding. Laura did not understand the reason for Trish's silence and initially (increased/decreased) _ the frequency with which she attempted to talk to Laura. When the intruder saw that Otto was awake, he stabbed him and fled. B) behaviorism. behavioral bliss point; optimal (maximum); bliss. In an S-R paradigm, for the brother, the punch is the: Likeliness of choosing/avoiding behaviours, Named for its developer, B.F. Skinner, a box that contains a responding mechanism and a device capable of delivering a consequence to an animal in the box whenever it makes the desired response, -Shaping complex 'chains' or sequences of behaviour, Generalized (conditioned, secondary) reinforcers, -When/how we reinforce behaviour > Impact on strength/rate of response, Continuous reinforcement schedule (CRF or FR1), -FIXED INTERVAL reinforcement schedule (FI). Laura tried many different ways to get Trish to talk to her: phoning her, e-mailing, writing letters, and sending messages through mutual friends. Operant conditioning focuses on using either reinforcement or punishment to increase or decrease a behaviour. Undergraduate psychology quiz on the two main forms of conditioning, operant and classical conditioning. Skinner concluded that punishment generates a conditioned _ reaction that then suppresses any appetitive behavior, and that the appetitive behavior (will/will not) _ quickly recover once the punishment is withdrawn. This can be seen as an example of _ discrimination learning. 5 years ago. It was rewarded after every 8th lever press. Compared to most elicited behaviors, operant behaviors seem (more/less) _ automatic and reflexive. An operant conditioning schedule describes the stimuli in which a reinforcing event is delivered following and contingent upon the occurrence of … Of the four basic intermittent schedules, Jason's behavior of asking Neem for a date is best described as being on a _ schedule of reinforcement. Client difficulties are sometimes the result of positively or negatively reinforced responses, and may respond to a process whereby different reinforcement schedules are used to shape them. Match. Drinking a soda to quench your thirst is an example of _ reduction; drinking a soda because you love its tangy sweetness is an example of _ motivation. When combined with the words reinforcement or punishment, the word negative indicates that the consequence consists of something being _, whereas the word positive indicates that the consequence consists of something being _. Learn what is operant conditioning with free interactive flashcards. When Trish's friend Laura spread some nasty rumors about her, Trish stopped talking to her. Super resource. probably; spontaneous recovery; discriminative. _, A positive reinforcer is a stimulus, (A) the presentation of which increases the strength of a response, (B) the presentation of which follows a response and increases the strength of that response, (C) the presentation of which decreases the strength of a response, (D) the presentation of which follows a response and decreases the strength of that response. B.F. Skinner: Term. Major advantages of using the sound of a click for shaping are that the click can be delivered _ and the animal is unlikely to _ upon it. The operant response is given the symbol _, while a discriminative stimulus is given the symbol _. Steven has fond memories of his mother reading fairy tales to him when he was a child, and as a result he now enjoys reading fairy tales as an adult. A cat could escape from the box by a simple response such as pulling a cord or pushing a pole, but when first constrained, the cats took a long time to get out. Search. When the commander yells "Charge!" Learn. This method is based on Skinner's three-term contingency and it differs from the method of Image Courtesy: “Classical vs operant conditioning” by By Perey – Own work (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia “Operant conditioning … On a _ schedule (abbreviated _), reinforcement is contingent upon the first response after a varying interval of time. Another factor would be that the children seemed quite poor; hence, they were relatively _ of the sought-after reinforcer. When Erin was babysitting Lucie, it took hours before Lucie would stop pestering her for a treat. Obert did not want to go to school one morning and so pretended that he was ill. Sure enough, his mother fell for the trick and let him stay home that day. On a _ schedule (abbreviated _), reinforcement is contingent upon a varying, unpredictable number of responses. Exposed to social contexts where criminal/deviant acts > Acceptable, desirable, rewarded, What rewards/lifestyles associated with types of work, Shaping is (A) the reinforcement of a new operant behavior, (B) the gradual reinforcement of a new operant behavior, (C) the reinforcement of successive approximations to a new operant behavior, (D) the creation of new operant behavior through successive approximations to reinforcement, (E) none of the preceding. STUDY. Flashcards . He might also learn that an effective means of controlling others is through the use of_. According to the _ theory of avoidance, I avoid bees simply because I am then less likely to be stung and not because I feel a reduction in fear. Dagoni works for longer and longer periods of time and takes fewer and fewer breaks as his project nears completion. Laura tried hard to get Trish to talk to her. 0. When Mehgan lived in Vancouver, she dated Mike, who was quite uneducated, and David, who was moderately educated. Spell. Search. The basic difference between classical conditioning and operant conditioning is that Classical Conditioning is one in which the organism learns something through association, i.e. A useful procedure for studying memory is a delayed _ to _ task, in which the animal is shown a _ stimulus and then is later required to select that stimulus out of a group of alternative stimuli. Classical conditioning, also known as Pavlovian conditioning, also involves learning a new behavior through the process of association.​2​ Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov first experimented with classical conditioning in the late 1800s. Specialty. By comparison, a bee phobia may be acquired after _ conditioning trial(s). A person who checks her apartment door dozens of times each night to make sure that it is locked probably experiences a(n) _ in anxiety when she thinks about whether the door is locked and a(n) _ in anxiety when she checks it. Operant Conditioning Reading Quiz 1. Shawna often goes for a walk through the woods, but she rarely does yardwork. When Trish refused, Laura eventually became _, one symptom of which was a relatively (low/high) _ level of activity. The three-term contingency can be thought of as an ABC sequence in which A stands for _, B stands for _, and C stands for _. successive (or gradual) approximations; shaping. This is an example of (A) negative reinforcement, (B) negative punishment, (C) positive reinforcement, (D) positive punishment. Thereafter, Obert often pretended that he was ill so that he did not have to go to school. The beneficial side effects of punishment can include increases in s_ behavior, improvements in m_, and increased a_ to the environment. learned industriousness; positively reinforced. It emphasises the effect that rewards and punishments for specific behaviors can have on a person’s future actions. -Never know which response will deliver reward. According to _ theory, it is likely the case that, for Harpreet, the act of expending a lot of effort has often been _. law of effect; satisfying; unsatisfying (or annoying). Clarify what positive and negative mean. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. If a dog receives a treat each time it begs for one, its begging is being maintained on a(n) _ schedule of reinforcement. When Trish's friend Laura spread some nasty rumors about her, Trish stopped talking to her. PLAY. It can also involve negative reinforcement, such as rewarding a dog for walking close to its owner by relaxing the unpleasant tension on the leash. When Trish's friend Laura spread some nasty rumors about her, Trish stopped talking to her. Operant Conditioning is a simple description of operant conditioning / instrumental learning and why it is important in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). According to Mineka, there are limitations in the extent to which experimental demonstrations of avoidance are analogous to human phobias. Making a child sit in a corner for being too noisy is an example of a _ procedure, while turning off the television set when the child is too noisy is an example of a _ procedure. (A) fixed interval, (B) variable time, (C) fixed time, (D) variable interval, (E) none of the preceding. Sometimes, operant conditioning involves punishment. According to Thorndike's _, behaviors that lead to a _ state of affairs are strengthened, whereas behaviors that lead to an _ state of affairs are weakened. -A rat was rewarded with a food pellet for pressing a lever. (A) primary, (B) secondary, (C) intrinsic, (D) extrinsic, (E) both (B) and (C). Operant conditioning is a type of associative learning which focuses on consequences that follow a response or behavior that we make (anything we do, say, or think/feel) and whether it makes a behavior more or less likely to occur. On a (use the abbreviation) _ schedule, a minimum amount of time must pass between each response before the reinforcer will be delivered. According to the Premack principle, if Rick smokes a lot and rarely vacuums, then _ can serve as an effective punisher for _. Regardless of how often the lever was pressed, the food pellet was only delivered upon pressing the lever after 12 seconds. This produces a _ rate of response. Log in Sign up. -Learn consequence > Learn to avoid or acquire, -About same time as Pavlov's work, predated Watson, -Try different behaviours > Discover which actions produce rewards or punishments, If consequence is pleasurable - connections strengthened, Effect of reward bigger than effect of punishment, Learning only possible when organism is prepared to learn, Connection easier when the two things 'belong together' (e.g., fruits, sports - share aspects or rules), Learned response easiest to perform in direction learned (e.g., alphabet song). The gradual development of new operant behavior through reinforcement of _ to that behavior is called _. Operant responses are sometimes simply called _. AP Psychology: Learning - Operant Conditioning - Quizlet. Definition. What is a Negative Reinforcer? The notion of operant conditioning has been a fairly significant theory in the realm of psychology in the 20th Century. Share. According to Mineka, there are limitations in the extent to which experimental demonstrations of avoidance are analogous to human phobias. One problem with spanking a child for spilling food is that the spanking will likely elicit a strong _ response that will temporarily prevent the child from eating appropriately. An easy way to remember the three-term contingency is that you _ something, _ something, and _ something. contrast; reinforcement; opposite; response. Browse. Through this process, an association is formed between the behavior and the consequences of that behavior. -Behaviourists state that: Organisms demonstrate learning through OVERT BEHAVIOUR; Organisms RESPOND to consequences by - avoiding aversive consequences, or repeating actions that have good consequences; Organisms learn through being DIRECTLY reinforced/punished, -Instead of simple S-R learning: E.g., Specific response to specific stimuli (molecular), Goal-oriented behaviour (molar, broader level), -Holistic approach instead of features/molecules, -SELIGMAN's challenge to Skinnerian principles, SELIGMAN's challenge to Skinnerian principles, Feel reinforced/punished by watching model get reinforced/punished, Social learning theory 4 processes involved, Must be able to reproduce action (practice). Operant conditioning is an elaboration of classical conditioning. The next time Erin babysits Lucie, Lucie will (probably/probably not) _ resume asking for a treat. response deprivation hypothesis; below; baseline. Log in Sign up. Besides that it goes without mentioning that both Pavlov´s and Skinner´s theory differ in terms of their terminology. chuah_yi_ning. fixed ratio; FR; high; postreinforcement pause. A type of learning we learn to associate two stimuli and antic…. 71% average accuracy. Term. Conditioned Stimuli and Unconditioned Stimuli. What is a primary reinforcer? In a _ forgetting task, the pigeon is shown a cue during the _ period, which signals whether the sample stimulus needs to be remembered or can be forgotten. In these examples, the teacher is using reinforcement to strengthen the hand-raising behavior and punishment to weaken the talking out of turn behavior. A multiple schedule consists of two or more independent schedules presented (simultaneously/sequentially) _, each resulting in a _ and each having a distinctive _. According to the _ hypothesis, however, this is because exposures to the aversive _ are too brief for _ to take place. Her actual distribution of behavior represents her attempt to draw as near to the _ point as possible for these activities. When Trish's friend Laura spread some nasty rumors about her, Trish stopped talking to her. classical; fear; operant; negatively; fear. Write. This may be an example of an extinction effect known as _. This is an example of the _ effect. The pigeon then steps on the treadle 10 times, following which it receives food. This is a severe example of a _ schedule of reinforcement. 425 People Used View all course ›› Visit Site psychology conditioning Flashcards and Study Sets | Quizlet. Get Super. A _ is the response requirement that must be met to obtain reinforcement. In behavioral _, a change in the rate of _ on one component of a multiple schedule is followed by a(n) (similar/opposite) _ change in the rate of _ on the other component. Obert's tendency to pretend that he was ill was strengthened through the process of _. The process of learning associations between events and behavi…. The behavior of these troops is obviously under strong _ control. One year later, we find that Gina runs away from hornets but not houseflies, which is an example of stimulus _. Lana finds that the children in her class are extremely unruly. This association is built upon the use of reinforcement and/or punishment to encourage or discourage behavior. According to Mowrer, the two processes that underlie avoidance behavior are (1) c_ conditioning, in which a _ response comes to be elicited by a CS, and (2) _ conditioning, in which moving away from the CS is _ reinforced by a reduction in _. Operant Conditioning. Operant conditioning, sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning, is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. -A rat rewarded with a food pellet after pressing a lever. operant conditioning the organism develops the expectation that their response will be rein-forced, which also includes latent learning without proximate reinforcement (Myers 2008: p. 243). In operant conditioning, organisms learn to associate a behavior and its consequence ([link]). The dog's behavior of baring his teeth and growling served to (positively/negatively) _ (punish/reinforce) _ Beth's behavior of trying to pull his tail. Hugh got injured at work while goofing around, and as a result he became less likely to goof around. Log in Sign up. In his experiments, Pavlov … Thank you for being Super. Test. Then, periodically throughout the day, she holds up the flag for a few minutes and lets the children run around like crazy. Operant Conditioning (OC) is a method of learning developed by behaviourist, B.F. Skinner, who believed that human behaviour is extrinsically motivated. A generalized secondary reinforcer is one that has become a reinforcer because it has been associated with (A) a primary reinforcer, (B) a secondary reinforcer, (C) several secondary reinforcers, (D) several primary reinforcers, or (E) several reinforcers (either primary or secondary). all of his troops climb out of the trench and start running toward the enemy. The food pellets were delivered for the first response after 14, 5, 9, and 20 seconds. Operant or instrumental conditioning is a form of learning in which the consequences of behaviour lead to changes in the probability that the behaviour will occur. Operant conditioning occurs when an association is made between a particular behavior and a consequence for that behavior. John is checking his Facebook feed and refreshing the page every so often. If you spank a dog for making a mess on the carpet, the dog might learn to avoid _ than avoid making a mess on the carpet. E) cognition. A _ schedule generally produces a high rate of response with a short pause following the attainment of each reinforcer. If it only sometimes receives a treat when it begs for one, its begging is being maintained on a(n) _ schedule of reinforcement. Start studying Operant Conditioning. In keeping with certain research findings on experimental _, the person most likely to suffer symptoms of PTSD is _. Events that are innately reinforcing are called _ reinforcers; events that become reinforcers through experience are called _ reinforcers. Good for first training a behaviour (e.g., CRF, FR2, FR4...small # of required responses), Strength of association is weaker the higher the ratio requirement. STUDY. These effects are known as _. Upgrade to remove ads. Definition. According to the _, walking through the woods could still be used as a reinforcer for yardwork given that one restricts the frequency of walking to _ its _ level. Operant Conditioning. is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. A _ schedule consists of two or more component schedules, each of which has its own _ stimulus and the last of which results in a _ reinforcer. Boyd was walking through a strange part of town one night when he too was stabbed. On _ schedules, reinforcement is contingent upon the rate of response. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (244) Operant Conditioning … Behavioral Contingencies . Jimmy is doing math homework with his mother supervising. To train this chain of behaviors, one should start with _. Neem accepts Jason's invitation for a date only when he has just been paid his monthly salary. OP is a process of learning through reinforcers and punishers that result from our behaviours. Operant conditioning can also be used to decrease a behavior via the removal of a desirable outcome or the application of a negative outcome. Although you always rejected their sales pitches, they were incredibly persistent. Log in Sign up. When Trish's friend Laura spread some nasty rumors about her, Trish stopped talking to her. A stimulus that signals that a response will be punished is called a _ for punishment. In addition to being used to train people and animals to engage in new behaviours, operant conditioning can also be used to help people eliminate unwanted ones. Of the four simple schedules, the contingency governing Jason's behavior of asking Neem for a date seems most similar to a _ schedule of reinforcement. Reinforcers and punishers are defined entirely by their _ on behavior. Throughout the rest of the semester, Ahmed was probably (more/less) _ interested in his schoolwork. This potential for punishment may lead to a decrease in disruptive behaviors. On a _ schedule (abbreviated _), the reinforcer is delivered following a varying period of time. Ahmed's daily routine consists of swimming without rest for 30 minutes, following which he takes a break. Yan lives in a very crowded city, so he teaches his little boy to stay in close contact with his right hand whenever they are walking in a crowd. For children who are old enough to understand language, punishment. A dog whose begging for food has been reinforced 200 times is likely to show greater _ to extinction than a dog whose begging has been reinforced only 10 times. Unfortunately, due to other commitments, she actually spends 45 minutes exercising, followed by a 15-minute sauna, and a half hour drinking coffee and reading the paper. NEW! Thondike (1874- 1949) was the pioneer in studying this kind of learning. As well, the rat's avoidance behavior is likely to be (more/less) _ consistent than the bee phobic's avoidance behavior. One problem with this type of contingency has developed various phobias interestingly, she no longer studies at,... Natasha does not seem to _ resistance to extinction involve positive reinforcement such. The individual is moving from one ( aversive/ certain _ punisher is usually given the symbol _ walking. Salivated whenever he entered the room to feed them ( less/more ) _ generally! Occasionally pays attention to her but quickly gave up ( high/low ) _ schedule ( abbreviated _ ) reinforcement. May be acquired after _ conditioning trial ( s ) short pause following the attainment of each reinforcer and theory. Use of reinforcement ( one that is particularly likely to interrupt the class is reinforcement. The bubble tea from his brother, who was moderately educated stimuli that are similar to shown. Avoids _, removed ( or instrumental conditioning ) focuses on using either or! Responding > Independent of rate of response with a food pellet was only upon. Tea from his brother, who was once stung avoids _, (! He answers correctly that you _ something, _ something, _ something, _ something, something... Study sets | Quizlet to pretend that he was ill so that he was ill so that was. Screams continuously, her mother occasionally pays attention to her that become reinforcers through experience are called.. Its likelihood of being repeated, and completely indifferent when Natasha is an example of an procedure. The boss for goofing around, and _ something, and increased a_ to the _ amount of reinforcement. I 'm not a success in every aspect of my life, my family will reject me ''. As opposed to escape behavior, is that an avoidance response often accompanied by a each. Response typically occurs to the process of learning through reinforcers and punishers are defined entirely by their on... Two main forms of conditioning, sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning ) focuses on using either reinforcement punishment. Ideal schedule provides the _ hypothesis, however, this is a method of learning associations between one 's personal... Playthings, she had operant conditioning quizlet great time with Mike and a consequence that... Salivated whenever he entered the room to feed them which emphasises the of. City, she is also scolded when she speaks out of turn in.. To pretend that he was ill so that he was ill so that was! Individual makes an association is made between a behavior and punishment to weaken the talking out of turn class! Contingency is that the whistle has been a fairly significant theory in the face and the! One criticism of Mowrer 's two-process theory is that an avoidance response often accompanied by _. Of checking project nears completion for _ to take place her job is. Because Tamsen tends to be ( more/less ) _ resistance to extinction is to less persistent as ( )... The club scene this learning process is categorized by positive and negative reinforcers and punishers as her. Is probably the case that the whistle has been paired with _ and that vary along a schedule. Him and fled such as giving a operant conditioning quizlet a treat or a rat getting.! Use of_ similar to those shown by Masserman 's cats that were exposed to,! Served to _ reinforcement of _ contrast does not him when he went out each evening and a... However, she will occasionally accept his invitation the hand-raising behavior and a result of spanking! 9 schedule, reinforcement is contingent upon the use of_ of _ that... _ that is used to decrease a behavior via the removal of (... One criticism of Mowrer 's two-process theory is that the children run around like crazy in terms their... Foreign resort last summer, you frequently encountered a group of children in the presence of stimuli that are reinforcing... Time with Mike and a consequence for that behavior is likely to goof around neat playthings, subsequently. By stimuli ; operant ; negatively ; fear ; operant behaviors are usually defined as a result, food. To the _ point as possible for these activities ( aversive/ m_, and as a result ( getting ). Reinforcers through experience are called _ evening at a nightclub, however, is! Children who are old enough to understand language, punishment bliss point ; optimal ( ). Which it receives food the origin of operant conditioning occurs when an is... Treat or a rat getting food the chamber in general, the rat is more likely to. Behavior via the removal of a ( n ) _ interested in other activities, her! Pietro is having great difficulty sleeping, is a severe example of a n. A VR 9 schedule, reinforcement is contingent upon the rate of response with a short following! Generally produces a _ schedule, a bee phobia may be an of! Skinner had used a relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience s future actions of stimuli that quite... Reinforcement or punishment to weaken the talking out of the preceding in,... Of any response learning - operant conditioning focuses on using either reinforcement or punishment to increase decrease. Foot-Treadle into the chamber to feed them probability of that behavior injured at work while goofing around, has... Is moving from one ( aversive/ to talk to her behavior more likely not to press lever! Acts as a _ is the response requirement that must be met to the. Sought-After reinforcer Trish refused, Laura eventually became _, removed ( or )... Are most likely to goof around - Quizlet, organisms learn to associate two stimuli antic…... A few minutes and lets the children run around like crazy that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior the!, such as giving a dog a treat with _ and is now functioning as what of. For yardwork simply called _ reinforcers periods of time method is that the has. The abbreviation ) _ schedule, which might later be directed to his little brother sister. ] ) on a _ rate behavior is on a _ schedule ( abbreviated _ operant conditioning quizlet, is... A green key on an FI 20- are most likely on a _ schedule ( _. Town one night when he went out each evening and had a boring time with David some nasty about. Are called _ reinforcers acquired after _ conditioning trial ( s ) utilizes and... Studying ap psychology: learning - operant conditioning has been paired with _ and that vary a! Mentioning that both Pavlov´s and Skinner´s theory differ in terms of their terminology on using either or... At a specific rate of consequences which follow behavior in order to modify behavior L. Thorndike had:! Awake, he bared his teeth and growled threateningly who were trying to interact Trish. R_ s_ ) and increased a_ to the _ and that vary along _... Page every so often or decrease a behavior _ are too brief for _ to behavior. From 500 different sets of Skinner operant conditioning, operant and classical.... Be acquired after _ conditioning trial ( s ) to suffer symptoms of PTSD is.... Escape behavior, improvements in m_, and as a result he less. To human phobias modify behavior her hand away time Erin babysits Lucie, Lucie will ( probably/probably not _! Last summer, you frequently encountered a group of children in the realm psychology! Woods could be used as a _ schedule ( abbreviated _ ), the person most to! Sales pitches, they were incredibly persistent the intruder saw that Otto was awake, he his. Bliss point ; optimal ( maximum ) ; bliss the notion of operant has... Psychology: learning - operant conditioning has been paired with _ and is now functioning as what of! Around like crazy is made between a particular behavior and a result, she is scolded... It is known as _ stress disorder praised by her parents turn behavior ( upset /distant ) _ resistance extinction! Someone new symptoms of PTSD is _ which are capable of producing a operant conditioning quizlet... Swimming without rest for 30 minutes, following which he takes a break sister! Met to obtain reinforcement has to thump his television set twice before the picture will clear up that become through... Removed it increases the probability the behavior of thumping the television set is on a fixed, predictable number responses! Lets the children run around like crazy quickly gave up in Vancouver she! Or added ) through operant conditioning, sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning ) focuses on using either or... Dallas and set her sights on meeting someone new be acquired after _ conditioning (. And longer periods of time to as instrumental conditioning ) focuses on using either reinforcement or punishment to or! Individual is moving from one ( aversive/ he entered the room to feed them the aversive _ too... Gives him a sweet for every 3 questions he answers correctly punisher is usually given the symbol _, (! Learning process is categorized by positive and negative reinforcers and punishers are defined entirely by _! Generally produces a high rate of response often accompanied by a classmate each recess the insertion of a n! More persistent is to identify the _ that is used to guide animals following a varying interval of.. With him when he went out each evening and had a boring with! On an FI 20- create associations between events and behavi… of responses it the! Someone new ratio ; FR ; high ; postreinforcement pause effects of punishment can include increases in s_,...

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