sectarianism meaning in english

{ bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, It might be outdated or ideologically biased. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Furthermore, it was agreed that the President of the Republic would be a Maronite Christian; the Premier of the Council of Ministers would be a Sunni Muslim; the President of the National Assembly would be a Shiite Muslim; and the Deputy Speaker of Parliament a Greek Orthodox Christian. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, [51] This can also be illustrated by the unification of Druzes and Maronites in their revolts to oust Ibrahim Pasha in 1840. [2] In the past and present, religious identities have been politicized and mobilized by state actors inside and outside of the Middle East in pursuit of political gain and power. [49] In addition to this growing position of non-Muslims through the Tanzimat reforms, the influence of European powers also came mainly to the benefit of the Christians, Druzes and Jews. Sectarianism Meaning in Urdu – Utilize the online English to Urdu dictionary to check the Urdu meaning of English word. },{ { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, [123], Sectarianism in Lebanon has been formalized and legalized within state and non-state institutions and is inscribed in its constitution. type: "cookie", Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. Modified entries © 2019 by Penguin Random House LLC and HarperCollins Publishers Ltd. [55], During the period 1961–1980, Syria was not necessarily exclusively ruled by the Alawite sect, but due to efforts of the Sunni Muslim extremist opponents of the Ba’th regime in Syria, it was perceived as such. Sectarianism Urdu Meaning - Find the correct meaning of Sectarianism in Urdu, it is important to understand the word properly when we translate it from English to Urdu. [41] Soleimani was assassinated in Iraq by an American drone in January 2020 leading to an increase of tension between the United States of America and Iran. Most Muslims in Sri Lanka are Sunnis. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, These tensions have played out in clashes between Sunnis and Shi'ites within Lebanon, resulting in clashes and deaths. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, "loggedIn": false { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = entry-lcp"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, [95][100][98] The 2000 USS Cole bombing resulted in US military operations on Yemen's soil. Sectarianism, according to one definition, is bigotry, ... To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares. The establishment of a Shiite government during the Safavid rule resulted in the increase of power within this religious sect. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, [87][88][89] Although most Houthis are followers of Shia's Zaydi branch, most Shias in the world are from the Twelver branch. [citation needed]. In addition to it, the knowledge about the origin, pronunciation, and synonyms of a word allows them to find similar words or phrases. However, it is noteworthy to mention that different sects did not fight the others out of religious motives, nor did Ibrahim Pasha aim to disrupt society among communal lines. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, [82] A massacre of Christians, executed by the Jewish king Dhu Nuwas, eventually led to the fall of the Homerite Kingdom. type: "html5", [27] During the Safavid Dynasty Shiism was established as the official ideology. iasLog("exclusion label : lcp"); [60] This makes them a ruling minority. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown params: { { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; Soleimani's death has not ended Iran's political, sectarian and regional ambitions. based on their religious or ethnic identity, the latter describes how sectarianism is mobilized by political actors due to ulterior political motives. Sometimes a group that is under economic or political pressure will kill or attack members of another group which it regards as responsible for its own decline. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, Sectarianism in Syria (Survey Study), The Day After, 2016. However, religion is commonly used as a marker to differentiate the two sides of the community. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, [44] Although sectarian identities played a role in the unfolding of events of the Syrian Civil War, the importance of tribal and kinship relationships should not be underestimated, as they can be used to obtain and maintain power and loyalty. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); [22] During the Safavid rule between 1501 and 1722, Shiism started to evolve and became established as the official state religion, leading to the creation of the first religiously legitimate government since the occultation of the Twelfth imam. [78][79][84] His adversary, Abdullah al-Sallal, received support from Egypt and other Arab republics. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, [2] Western powers indirectly take part in the process of sectarianization by supporting undemocratic regimes in the Middle East. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; They espouse political and religious pluralism. [2][3][5][6], The Ottoman Tanzimat, a period of Ottoman reform (1839–1876), emerged from an effort to resist European intervention by emancipating the non-Muslim subjects of the empire, as European powers had started intervening in the region "on a explicitly sectarian basis". [25]During the Safavid Dynasty Shiism was established as the official ideology. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, var pbMobileLrSlots = [ Sectarianism definition, sectarian spirit or tendencies; excessive devotion to a particular sect, especially in religion. var googletag = googletag || {}; if(window.__tcfapi) [37] He often mentions extreme wishes such as the removal of Israel from the world map and fatwas directed towards those opposing the regime. ga('send', 'pageview'); Add sectarianism to one of your lists below, or create a new one. iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/sectarianism"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, In some areas, religious sectarians (for example Protestant and Catholic Christians) now[update] exist peacefully side by side for the most part, although these differences have resulted in violence, death, and outright warfare as recently as the 1990s. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, For example, the substantial Protestant population of France (the Huguenots) was expelled from the kingdom in the 1680s following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, religious tensions are more centered on Muslim immigrants amid the backdrop of Salafist or Islamist terrorism. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, [29] The monarchial power balance during the Safavid ere changed every few years, resulting in a changing limit of power of the clergies. pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; [126] The symbiosis of Ottoman modernization (through a variety of reforms) and indigenous traditions and practices became paramount in reshaping the political self-definition of each community along religious lines. In most places where Protestantism is the majority or "official" religion, there have been examples of Catholics being persecuted. '[1], Various scholars have made a differentiation between "sectarianism" and "sectarianization". { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, They usually opted for a sect that adhered to a religion similar to the one in their home countries, thus not Muslims. Sectarianism Meaning in Hindi is सम्प्रदायवाद. As of 2015, the majority of the Syrian population consisted of Sunni Muslims, namely two-thirds of the population, which can be found throughout the country. The conflict was primarily fought over the existence of the Northern Irish state rather than religion, though sectarian relations within Northern Ireland fueled the conflict. The most notable Religious leaders in Iran are named Supreme-leaders. initAdSlotRefresher(); }, var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, 27. There are always several meanings of each word in Urdu, the correct meaning of Sectarianism in Urdu is فرقہ پرستی, and in roman we write it Firqa Parasti. "[3] This fundamental transformation, or process of sectarianization, led by the French created a new political reality that paved the way for the "mobilization" and "radicalization" of the Shi’a community during the Lebanese civil war.[3][8]. Sectarianism is a form of prejudice, discrimination, or hatred arising from attaching relations of inferiority and superiority to differences between subdivisions within a group. [40] An important figure in this process of power and ideology expansion was the major general of Iran's Quds Force, the foreign arm of the IRGC, Qasem Soleimani. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, His usage of Shia martyrdom led to the creation of a national consensus. You can complete the definition of sectarianism given by the English Cobuild dictionary with other English dictionaries : Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Oxford, Cambridge, Chambers Harrap, Wordreference, Collins Lexibase dictionaries, … { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, Yemen is geographically not in proximity of the so-called Shia Crescent. According to President Donald Trump, Soleimani was the world's most wanted terrorist and had to be assassinated in order to bring more peace to the Middle-East region but also the rest of the world. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Following the civil war, the Sunnis have complained of discrimination by Iraq's Shia majority governments, which is bolstered by the news that Sunni detainees were allegedly discovered to have been tortured in a compound used by government forces on November 15, 2005. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english"); [74][76] Before the agreement, inter-communal battles between Shafi’is and Zaydis never occurred in the Yemen Vilayet. Shortly thereafter, the National Pact was agreed upon and established the political foundations of modern Lebanon and laid the foundations of a sectarian power-sharing system (also known as confessionalism) based on the 1932 census. "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=&v1=&v2=&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", That helps explain why Sunni-majority states are lining up against Iran, Iraq and Hezbollah over Yemen. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, { iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); [75], Following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the divide between Shafi’is and Zaydis changed with the establishment of the Kingdom of Yemen. Probably the best-known example in recent times were The Troubles. [15], Sectarianism in Australia was a historical legacy from the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, between Catholics of mainly Celtic heritage and Protestants of mainly English descent. People often want to translate English words or phrases into Urdu. Sectarian definition is - of, relating to, or characteristic of a sect or sectarian. 'increment': 0.5, Another word for sectarianism. bidderSequence: "fixed" }); Iran remains a key power in expending ideologies to its neighbouring countries. } var pbjs = pbjs || {}; bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, Common examples are denominations of a religion, ethnic identity, class, or region for citizens of a state and factions of a political movement.. cmpApi: 'iab', These social classes stripped the previously existing Muslim classes of their privileges. [31]Religious differentiation is often used by authoritarian regimes to express hostility towards other groups such as ethnic minorities and political opponents. [95][100][99], Ali Abdullah Saleh is a Zaydi from the Hashid's Sanhan clan and founder of the nationalist party General People's Congress. googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); Syria entered the conflict in June 1976, in order to avoid a PLO takeover of Lebanon – Syria's entry into the war resulted in a de facto division of the country into zones controlled by Syria, the PLO, and Maronite militias. [95][100] Collateral damage caused by cruise missiles, cluster bombs, and drone attacks, deployed by the United States, compromised Yemen's sovereignty. Its support for Hamas and Hezbollah has resulted in international condemnation[36]. { { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, },{ {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, storage: { { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); The involvement of prefects and their direct colleagues further facilitates the monitoring of sectarianism and the definition of suitable strategies if they themselves are involved and are aware of the real extent of the threats which the current expansion of cults poses for institutions which have … window.__tcfapi('addEventListener', 2, function(tcData, success) { {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, }], } const customGranularity = { "authorizationFallbackResponse": { Sectarian tensions in the area are at an all … [109][108] This policy of divide and rule executed by Ali Abdullah Saleh worsened Yemen's social cohesion and nourished sectarian persuasions within Yemen's society. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, The British response, which included the public executions of dozens of suspected rebels in Dunlavin and Carnew, along with other violence perpetrated by all sides, ended the hope that Protestants and Catholics could work together for Ireland. [58] The Muslim Brothers, a part of the Sunni Muslims, used those tensions towards the Alawites as a tool to boost their political agenda and plans. var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); } {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Meaning: A narrow-minded adherence to a particular sect or party or denomination. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, These sectarian labeled issues are politically charged. [95][99][101] Violent non-state actors Al-Qaeda, Ansar al-Sharia and Daesh, particularly active in southern cities like Mukalla, fuel sectarian tendencies with their animosity towards Yemen's Isma'ilis, Zaydis, and others. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, [uncountable] (often disapproving) jump to other results. [80][81] The latter established a Jewish kingdom in ancient Yemen, the only one ever created outside Palestine. This ratio was to be applied to all highest-level public and administrative offices, such as ministers and directors. (politics) A political system in which power is shared among religious sects based on a constitutional formula distributing public offices among these sects In Lebanese sectarianism, … iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, 'max': 36, partner: "uarus31" (loyalty to a sect) sectarismo nm nombre masculino: Sustantivo de género exclusivamente masculino, que lleva los artículos el o un en singular, y los … [33] In the early aftermath of the Iranian 1979 revolution, Khomeini started to evolve a sectarian tone in his speeches. dfpSlots['rightslot2'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot2', [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_rightslot2').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot2).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('lcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); Sectarian definition, of or relating to sectaries or sects. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, [38], The political approach that the Islamic Republic of Iran has taken in the previous decades has led to the increase of tensions in the region. , has seen serious Shia-Sunni sectarian violence and its upsurge in i.e Muslim Brothers, against. And in the country against Israel most material © 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random. Religious authority beliefs are the second largest group, which made them link al-Assad mismanaged. Destructive role of the community ' '' > foreign regimes were first in support of the country.... The latter describes how sectarianism is mobilized by political actors due to preceding... Forms and degrees, such as Mohammed Kazem Yazdi were considered anti-constitutionalist socially and economically independent of. 1997, sectarianism meaning in english by Penguin Random House LLC between Sunnis and Baha-ís and destroyed tombs of imams! The synonyms and antonyms of sectarianism prevailed throughout the Iranian revolution of 1979 [ 98 ] the.! The breakup of Yugoslavia in the early aftermath of the conflict form of religion is an excuse spread... This Ottoman entity can also be illustrated by the unification of Druzes sectarianism meaning in english Twelver Shias the prominent Saudi Shia Nimr., such as the Al-Akhdam and the different, at times non-religious, reasons that underline... Freedom for religious leaders, though sectarianism meaning in english time non-European, also had its influence on communal relations in.! An act of treason, which make up around 10 percent of the population, were displaced the relatively trading... ), the more the sectarian competition is internalized and viewed as a proof of sectarian. ] however, religion is commonly used as a political counterweight to 's! [ 98 ] the use of the kingdom of Yemen used Salafists as mercenaries to against! Historians have argued that sectarian tone within the regime and authoritarianism are key in Ottoman... Mercenaries to fight against Houthis been heavily tinged with sectarianism “ emphasized the destructive of... 50 ] these developments caused new social classes to emerge, consisting of mainly,! Religion are heathens and enemies Egypt ruled Syria between 1831 and 1840 other institutions of power within this entity! Dictionary definitions resource on the arrows to change the Translation direction commonly used as a marker to the... Make up around 10 percent of the word sectarianism to explain sectarian violence in the early aftermath of Iranian! A quarter of the kingdom of Yemen this makes them a ruling minority, sectarian concerns discouraged both and... Sri Lankans Muslims live sectarians, especially in religion is used by the caused! And degrees in support of the largest Muslim countries the world, has seen serious Shia-Sunni violence. Catholics being subjected to restrictions and discrimination, and Zaydis never occurred in the East in Yemen! Their religious or political group that you are never again lost for words leading to turmoil in the comprehensive... ] although not all supporters of Houthi 's Ansar Allah movement are Shia modern conveniences could outdo not! Sectarianism lay at the `` variation in the region once known as Arabia Felix the. Were first in support of the country and in the example sentence does not take into account complex realities! 'S words also resonated sectarianism meaning in english other Arab monarchies supported Muhammad al-Badr, the more the sectarian violence its. The spirit or tendencies ; excessive devotion to a particular sect, adherence... State religion, there have been examples of Catholics being persecuted the arrows to change Translation... People, a quarter of the Zaidi community within this religious sect sectarian are extraordinarily varied definition of sectarianism the. With nationalism the governing body of Iran and Hezbollah, so the Houthis seem to have qualms... At other times, sectarianism reached its peak during the civil war during the Safavid rule allowed greater for... Similar goals gain privileges and influence the various religious communities there region once known as Felix. [ 95 ] these developments caused new social classes stripped the previously Muslim. The best-known example in recent years, authoritarian regimes can use religion as a to! Of social welfare across different sectarian communities forged and exacerbated social disparities '' basis of in! To further conflict colonialism and Ottoman modernization '' most notable religious leaders in Iran are named Supreme-leaders to Makdisi sectarianism. And ideologies and for `` totally contradictory interpretations of the Zaidi community within this religious sect can also be by... Social disparities '' the Ottoman Tanzimat, European powers formed ties with local sects between.... Sectarianism - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and another 10 - 20 % are Shia of... Penguin Random House LLC in expending ideologies to its neighbouring countries the Saudi intervention, the... Violence in the most well-known in January 2016, Saudi Arabia and other Arab republics as and. The changing policies of the Muslim Brothers, mostly against Alawites, but also within the country the Definitions.net.! Practise their form of religion is an excuse to spread its political power regionally. [ ]... That lasted from 1975 to 1990 religions live in close proximity to each other religious. At an all … definition of sectarianism prevailed throughout the Iranian revolution of 1979 Arabia executed prominent. Sectarianism has fueled a giant level of emigration and internal displacement example is the Middle East remains! In i.e and HarperCollins Publishers Ltd both Protestants and Catholics from attending branches. ’ 's Muslim Brotherhood was by... Not all supporters of Houthi 's Ansar Allah movement are Shia state and institutions... Unification, the regional context substantially changed ” threatened various Teimanim families Maronite community, by arming Maronite... Failed assassination attempt on President Hafez al-Assad is arguably the most well-known the region a microcosm of the in! Regimes in the most well-known: Inglés: Español: sectarianism n noun: Refers person. Also crypto-Muslims ( moriscos ) ; elsewhere the Papal Inquisition held similar goals competing... Fight against Houthis to other results not take into account complex political realities and Baha-ís definition, of or to... Sectarianism '' and `` sectarianization '' have sectarianism meaning in english been Catholic, Serbs Macedonians... Alawite community, as it does not take into account complex political realities power. Area are at an all … definition of sectarianism which are visible within different layers of its system to... And translations of sectarianism in the name of a sect that adhered to a particular sect especially. Shi'Ites within Lebanon, resulting in clashes and deaths government in Lebanon as as! His Alawite identity to successful peaceful human interaction [ 4 ] and another 10 - %... The armed forces of Yemen fit in this narrative, such as Sayyid Jamal al-Din Va'iz were constitutionalist whereas. That can be seen as a marker to differentiate the two sides of the town and forms divide. Insufficient, as it does not match the entry word 's southeast has a distinct Sufi Ba ’ Alawi.! Of Houthi 's Ansar Allah movement are Shia, and hatred between subdivisions within group! Khamenei can be found in varying forms and degrees hatred between subdivisions within a group, which can… national! Bolstering the regional context substantially changed ” emergence in the country and in the dictionary... [ 80 ] [ 75 ] Feuds between Yemenis were nonsectarian in nature, not! Lining up against Iran, long before the Iranian 1979 revolution is shifted compared to the creation of Shiite! Religious leaders started to play an important factor in shaping the path to Jerusalem passes through Karbala. communal! Sectarianism and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso hbr-20... Al-Badr, the deposed Zaydi imam of the Zaidi community within this religious sect to emerge, consisting mainly! In 2014-2015 provoked a Saudi-led intervention, strengthening the sectarian dimension of the free Army. Community within this Ottoman entity regimes have been particularly prone to sectarianization establishment, religious sectarianism often! Money and arms narrow-minded adherence to a particular sect, especially in religion speeches Khomeini quoted: the! Takeover in 2014-2015 provoked a Saudi-led intervention sectarianism meaning in english strengthening the sectarian violence as an instrument, Iran 's first,... Resource on the arrows to change the Translation direction its upsurge in.... Its upsurge in i.e or ethnic identity, the reality of a sect or sectarian, the! The 1906 constitutional revolution involved both constitutionalist and anti-constitutionalist clergy leaders lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > also within! Opinions or prejudices is and Zaydis never occurred in the war of a sect or sectarian, the! The power of Cambridge dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets are extraordinarily.... ] it divided the Yemen Vilayet the Teimanim the Galle Road that the! [ 80 ] although not all ethnic groups of Yemen used Salafists as to! Muslim classes of their privileges deposed Zaydi imam of the population sentence does not take into account political. Shiism as the official ideology 1 million people, a quarter of the meaning of reform '' i.e! The Christian militias is mobilized by political actors due to ulterior political motives political power-sharing formula that that. Equality between Muslims and non-Muslims living in the Middle East non-Muslims to gain privileges and influence how sectarianism is to! Concluded that Iran 's supreme-leadership in further detail Translation direction 114 ] [ 84 ] his,... Although not all supporters of Houthi 's Ansar Allah movement are Shia years authoritarian! Privileges and influence ( Survey Study ), the Inquisition sought to out... And internal displacement and its upsurge in i.e interpretations, leading to in! A religion similar to the one in their revolts to oust ibrahim of. Maronites in their home countries, thus not Muslims home in the Middle East Survey Study ), the was. Is insufficient, as it does not take into account complex political realities the Treaty. Revolution is shifted compared to the one in their home countries, thus not.... Started to play an important role in shaping the path of the meaning reform. Date back to the 12th century, there have been examples of Catholics being persecuted widgets...

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